Category Archives: Books

Non-Violent Communication

Non-Violent Communication

Nonviolent Communication cover page
  • Poor communication contributes to  dysfunctional relationships, misunderstandings and frustrations
  • Nonviolent or Compassionate Communication is built on interpersonal connection “from the heart”
  • To practice NVC, learn to observe without judgement or evaluation
  • NVC has 4 components, observation, feelings, needs and requests
  • Apply Non-violent communication practices to deal with your emotions
  • Use NVC to help others resolve conflicts. Replace “I have to” with “I choose to”

How many times did it happen that you have a bad fight with your parents or spouse or cousins?  How many times the fights happened on WhatsApp? How many times did it happen on Facebook? These fights or disagreements would have certainly ruined the relationships without helping you to achieve your objectives. The result is, you carry the baggage of a ruined relationship and unfulfilled needs.

I have seen people blaming WhatsApp or Facebook or even telephone as the root cause of their fights. I wonder why do people do this when they have fought even in face to face interactions. Blaming communication mediums such as WhatsApp, Facebook, etc is useless because the fights happen not because of the communication medium, they happen because of the “communication” itself.

Yes, it has never been about the medium, it’s always about how we communicate. Many of our established communication patterns contribute to dysfunctional relationships, misunderstanding, and frustration.  Unconsciously we make moralistic judgments about people that alienate them from us.  We think we are being straight or honest when we tell our spouse “You always keep the house in a mess” or “You are a liar”, but Marshall Rossenberg says we are doing violence.

Violent communication is communication that limits liberty, denies recognition of needs, diminishes the worth of a person, and/or blocks compassion. Violent communication is often the result of using manipulative or coercive language that induces fear, guilt, shame, praise, blame, duty, obligation, punishment, and/or reward. Violent communication happens in speaking and listening (and in thinking, through self-talk or imagined self-conversations).

We may think that we are not yelling at someone means we are non-violent. But that’s not the case always. Some of the mechanisms of violent communication are:

  • judgments, categorization
  • habitual thinking like beliefs, prejudices..
  • binary thoughts which include either…or..
  • using a blaming language or removing responsibilities (assimilating a person to its act, accusing message “You”…

Common ways that violent communication occurs are:

  • Moralistic judgments and evaluation of others
  • Denial of responsibility for our own feelings thoughts, and actions
  • Demands
  • Blocking compassion

If we speak violently to others, they may do what we want by inducing fear, guilt shame, praise, blame, duty, obligation, punishment, or reward. Although we can control others this way, some important questions to ask for are:

  • What are the costs in terms of the relationship between you and others if you communicate this way? (How good is your goodwill?)
  • What will the person do if the punishment or reward is not there or you are not around to observe their behavior? What is the cost to your well-being by acting violently?
  • Is controlling others using violent communication effective?
When I sit back and think about all my fights with my relatives and peers in office, I realize that they all happened because of violent communication. We keep trying to figure out who was right, who was wrong, what is good, what is bad, moral or immoral, etc. but what I didn’t realize I was being violent. Non-Violent Communication addresses this critical aspect of us and gives us tools and insights on how can we reduce the violence in our communication and strengthen our relationships.

What is Non-Violent Communication

Nonviolent communication (NVC) is a communication process developed by Marshall Rosenberg, Ph.D., and is sometimes referred to as “compassionate communication.”


Nonviolent communication is communication that maximizes liberty, enhances understanding of the relationship between feelings and needs, promotes equality, and creates compassion.

NVC involves understanding that our feelings are a result of our basic human needs being met or unmet. When our needs are met, we feel “positive” emotions, such as joy, delight, confidence, inspiration, etc. When our needs are unmet, we feel “negative” emotions, such as annoyance, tension, fatigue, yearning, etc.

The basic human need is to contribute to our own and other’s well-being.  We can do this by observing others’ needs, what emotions the other person can have when the needs are not met and how can I request the other person so that my own needs are met. Because it’s not about one person’s emotions that matter. Both party’s emotions have to be satisfied. Roosenberg gives us 4 steps for Non-violent communication:

Separate observation from evaluation

Focus your energy on being aware of the present moment. Listen carefully to what the other person is saying and ask yourself, how is this affecting my well-being? Engage your senses – touch, sight, and sound, to connect as much as possible with the situation. The next would be to avoid generalizing your arguments which can be done by relating observations to specific situations. Instead of saying  “you always..”, refer to a particular moment when something upset you. 
This happened, I am very much into text messaging and I prefer written mode of communication more than verbal. So my first instinct is always to send a text message. I was discussing a project with my colleague over text chat. During the course of the conversation, my friend sent me a message which I found irritating. I was upfront to tell him that his message was irritating (a perfect example of violent communication). He obviously got defensive and this caused harm to our relationship.  Next time my friend stopped messaging me because he formed this preconceived notion that I find all his text messages irritating.
Another way of improving observation is to be aware of labeling. If you are distracted by labels, you will struggle to relate to a specific situation or person. For instance, having the preconception that someone is “irritating” or “egoistic” or “arrogant” may impede your judgment when discussing a certain issue; you have already assumed what this person is thinking. All your actions after your assumptions are only going to justify that you assumptions are correct.

Learn to express how you feel

After observation, the next step in NVC is to explicitly express how we are feeling.  To achieve this, we can begin by articulating our feelings accurately. We do this by removing vagueness from our communication. Instead of saying “I am feeling down” .. you can be a bit more specific by saying “I am depressed or regretful, or feeling betrayed etc”. In addition to awareness, expressing what you feel requires a good vocabulary. 

This problem of vagueness also applies to pronouns.  Making a statement like “I feel like everyone is ignoring me” is ambiguous and does not address specifics. I have many fights with my friends who tell me “I don’t need anybody”. They include me as well when they say, anybody.  And if they don’t need me, then why the hell I should invest my emotions, time and energy with them.

Lastly, we will need to learn how to express our vulnerability.  Vulnerability is the quality of being easily hurt. We all have vulnerabilities due to various reasons and in different forms. The clearly we express them, the easier will be the communication.

At this point, it’s also important to understand that we need to take responsibility for our feelings as well. If someone says anything negative to you, you have 4 ways to respond: 

First, you can have a negative reaction to their words and think, “It’s all my fault”. By blaming yourself, you fail to analyze the root of the message and address the other person’s grievance. This might make you feel guilty, low or even depressed.

Second, you can become defensive or angry, Your response might be “That’s a lie!”. I have always considered your needs” Here you are blaming the speaker, and are once again failing to address the underlying issue. 

Third, a better reaction would be to vocalize your own feelings. “I feel dejected when you say I am selfish because I have been constantly trying to accommodate your demands. Through this process, you can identify your own emotional response and address the reasons behind the conflict. 

Finally and ideally, you can observe the feelings and needs of the speaker. You might ask “Do you think I am selfish because of a specific action that I have taken?” How can I show more consideration for your needs?”

Learn to identify your own needs:

People don’t have enough practice of identifying their own need and they eventually fall in to blame games. We usually not  express our needs and then blame others for not fulfilling them.
This happened with me sometime back. I was ecstatic because of recent success. I desperately wanted to share that with my sister. So I called her. But like always she was busy and didn’t answer my call.  Of course, there was disappointment and anger. That disappointment and anger were not because she didn’t answer my call or she might be busy. I was disappointed because my need of sharing my happiness wasn’t fulfilled. This then definitely became quite visible in my communication with her.

If we don’t communicate our needs directly, we will cause a lot of unnecessary pain in the long run.  It’s very important that we pay attention to our needs as soon as possible. 

Learn to express what you would like from others to help meet your own needs

The final stage of NVC is –  Request: How can we express our requests in a way that will help others respond to us compassionately?

A request should be made clear to express what you really want. And the clearer we are about what we want from others, the more likely we are to get it.  This means formulating requests in a positive language. Positive language is when you ask for something to be done, while negative language is when you ask somebody to stop doing something.
I have seen this working for me even with my 5-year-old son. Instead of requesting him “Can you stop watching cartoons on TV?” I change it to “Can I watch the news for some time?” This has made a lot of difference and I have seen him more receptive to what I am saying. 

It’s also important to formulate requests into concrete actions, so others can know what they need to do. 

Non-violent communication takes the art of communication to the next level. Mostly we have heard about the importance of good language skills, presentations skills, grammar or vocabulary. After reading this book, I realize all these aspects do matter but how you use them to actually communicate is all that we need to practice. We need to observe and express our feelings, identify our needs and know how to ask for the fulfillment of our needs when we communicate with others irrespective of whom we are communicating with and what’s the communication medium.  I have decided I am going to practice this consciously and will share my experience after two weeks.  I will urge you to reflect on your dysfunctional relationships, see what went wrong, apply NVC method and share your experience with me.

Business Chemistry

Over the last 10+ years of my career, I have been in different type of roles. Each role had their own challenges, but there was one challenge which has been consistent. That challenge is “Dealing with people”. Whether it is Marketing, Sales or Strategy, the people aspect has always been tough to manage. Contrary to the belief that only bosses make life difficult, I find there is an equal challenge of dealing with peers as well.

Whether it’s a big organization like IBM or a small start up, the toughest challenge has been to establish a healthy relationship with everyone, exercise some kind of authority without power and toughest of them all is to convince others. Among these three challenges, convincing others has been a herculean task. Initially I thought convincing others is difficult because of my position in the team, credentials or ego. But when I read the book, Business Chemistry by Kim and Suzzane, it became evident to me that it was a matter of not understanding people’s workstyle.

In this book, Kim and Suzzane, have explained 4 distinct working styles that describe our workplace personalities, and discovery tips and tricks for getting the best out of each one of our coworkers, whether they are a Guardian, a Pioneer, a Driver or an Integrator. Packed with insights in to what makes us tick and makes us thrive, the book has a call to action, encouraging us to embrace our differences and work better together. Key takeaways from this book are: 

  • The 4 different personalities in your workplace
  • Their strengths and weakness
  • Why all 4 personalities are important for the team
  • What are the working equations among the 4 personalities

One of the primary reasons people like or dislike a company is because of their relationship with their team members and boss.

I am a firm believer that once we know things the way they are, we will be in a better position to make them work for us. It’s like  driving a car without understanding how to use the different parts of it. Work relationships happen not because of how talented we are, or how much experience we have or where in the organization’s hierarchy we fall. Relationships happen when we understand people, when we know about their motivations, their strengths, their likes and dislikes and how they think. It requires time, effort and sincerity from our side. After reading Business Chemistry, I can say with confidence that if you have been looking to find a way out to understand your peers, then you won’t regret spending time on this. 

Each of us is a composite of the four work styles, though most people’s behavior and thinking are closely aligned with one or two. All the styles bring useful perspectives and distinctive approaches to generating ideas, making decisions, and solving problems. Generally speaking:

Pioneers value possibilities, and they spark energy and imagination on their teams. They believe risks are worth taking and that it’s fine to do with your gut.  Their focus is big-picture. They are drawn to bold new ideas and creative approaches. 

Guardians value stability, and they bring order and rigor. They’re pragmatic, and they hesitate to embrace risk. Data and facts are baseline requirements for them, and details matter. Guardians think it makes sense to learn from the past.

Drivers value challenge and generate momentum. Getting results and winning count most. Drivers tend to view issues as black-and-white and tackle problems head on, armed with logic and data.

Integrators value connection and draw teams together. Relationships and responsibility to the group are paramount. Integrators tend to believe that most things are relative. They’re diplomatic and focused on gaining consensus.

When I think about my this role and the previous roles, I see that in almost all the teams I almost had all the 4 types of personalities. I must confess that I might not have ran away from the work, but I definitely and desperately wanted to get rid of the people I am working with at some point of time. Now that I know a little more about the work styles, I have three learning which I must practice:

1. Productive friction is good in a team and we must have the courage to confront it rather than running away from the situation in hand

2. Hear all voices, take all judgements, contemplate, validate and then believe rather than reacting to anyone’s actions or comments.

3.Cultivate a new view of diversity by debating and listening to others point of views. Diversity isn’t just about gender, age or area of expertise, it’s also about work styles.  In variably, a successful team will have all the 4 personalities. 

It’s my realization, that the people who have grown up in the organization and have become extremely successful, are not just top performers, or talent, they are extremely good in establishing great working relationships. I guess I have been fortunate enough to work closely with some of those managers and leaders. 



The key message of the book is: 

Empathy is the key to any great relationship, and understanding is your passport to a mutually satisfying connection with them. Depending on whether you ‘re a Pioneer, a Guardian, a Driver or an Integrator, you will bring a specific of strength to the office as well as areas of improvements too. 

I think this is a must read book. In fact Deloitte has adopted this framework to train its employees and make them aware of the different personalities and how to deal with them. While it’s true that we all have our strengths and weaknesses, understanding the fact that we need to deal with people, who have their own motivations, their own personal agendas will help not just to get our work done, but also to resolve our conflicts.  Conflicts are natural in a workplace. We can’t avoid it, but we can deal sensibly with them in a way which will help us to build a sustaining relationship with everyone. 


Convinced - How to prove your competence and win people over

5 Key points from the book

  • To convince people of your competence, use the “impression management” tools of the eight pillars of competence
  • Competence and Brilliance aren’t necessarily self-evident; you must showcase your qualities
  • Showcase specific elements of the “competence formula”: performance, ability, motivation, dealing with difficulty and luck
  • The greater your attraction and popularity, the greater will be your perceived competence. Project tact, authenticity and self-confidence.
  • Judging other people’s competence is hard; recognizing their incompetence is easier


We all try to convince everyone all the time, including ourselves. Every morning when I get up, I try to convince my wife, why should she exercise. I try to convince my son, get up on time and to go to school. At office I try to convince my peers, I try to convince my boss for my ideas. So if you really look at it, “convincing is something which we all do at every point of time. We feel a sense of achievement when we are able to convince someone, but we get frustrated when we fail to do so. 
I understand the importance of “Convincing” may be that’s why i picked up this book. The author gives a brilliant To convince people of your competence, use the “impression management” tools of the “eight pillars of competence.

  • First, competence and brilliance aren’t necessarily self-evident; you must showcase your qualities: You must showcase your skills, expertise, and competence, so they resonate with those whom you want to impress. I have met many people who boast, saying, “I don’t want to impress others.” I believe they lie to themselves. Impressing means leaving an influence.  You can’t convince others if you haven’t been able to influence them yet.
    There are different venues that you must use to showcase your competence, especially social media.

  • Second, manage people’s anticipation, so they will expect you to be competent. To demonstrate your competence, use “expectation management” to direct other people’s anticipation and shape positive perceptions of your competence. When you help people reduce or eliminate anxiety about dealing with a stranger – in this case, you – you benefit. Demonstrate confidence in yourself. Subtly refer to your past successes in areas that matter to those whose support you require.  I call this as the preparation which essentially requires sincerity and some amount of clarity

  • Third, associate yourself with good news. People like positivity. Positive news radiates over every other aspect of a person or event, and bad news does so negatively. There is a personal experience of mine. In one of my teams, my bosses only used to talk about negative things. Because of this, they were never able to convince the team with their instruction. And because the team never got convinced, there was an adverse effect on the performance of the team.

    It’s essential to give bad news, but we need to ensure that we don’t form a firm association with it

  • Fourth, showcase specific elements of the “competence formula”: performance, ability, motivation, dealing with difficulty, and luck.
    You can’t directly assess the factor by which competence contributes to successful performance and achievement. Many aspects play a part in any successful outcome.

  • Fifth and sixth, master verbal and nonverbal communication I am sure many would have told you the importance of communication. Excellent Communication not just includes the way you talk, but it also includes your body language and listening skills.  Both body language and listening skills you can’t take for long.  

  • Seventh, the higher your attraction and popularity, the greater will be your perceived competence. Project tact, authenticity, and self-confidence The more popular you are, the higher will be your perceived competence. The same is right about being more attractive. Popularity and attractiveness are positive indicators.
    According to the author, you become famous by complimenting others, agreeing with others’ opinions, and self-presentation.

  • Eight, use the “power of symbols” to build the most reliable measure of your competence: your habitus.

So here are the five things which I am going to practice in  the coming months.

1. Don’t miss an opportunity to showcase your competence. If there are no opportunities, you can create one. Social Media is always one such tool for you to showcase your competence. Take Social Media seriously.

2. Be prepared. Just the way you prepare to convince the interviewer to get the job, you must strive to be be prepared every single day to convince others. You can manage everyone’s anticipation to an extent and that’s what you need to be prepared for.
3. Associate your self with positivity.
4. Showcase your competence by showing how you have overcome the adverse situations in life
5. Communication is very important skill. The more you practice, the better you become. Also it’s remember, it’s not just talking, listening also matters to a large extent

Every one is convincing others and everyone is failing at it often. There is an impact on our relationships too when we fail to convince others. We judge others as egoistic, adamant, rude, disobedient and in many other ways. But  rarely get sincere enough to admit that we failed to convince.

You must read this book.

Triggers – introduction



Famed executive coach Marshall Goldsmith presents a blueprint for achieving the most challenging thing any adult can do – changing your personal behavior. He and co-author Mark Reiter explain why your “environment” makes the change so difficult. They warn of situations, events and people – even sounds – that can set you off, derail your efforts to change and cause reactions you come to regret. Negative behaviors can make you miserable. Few adults succeed in making a significant behavioral change, but this manual describes how to do it by understanding your triggers and taking control of them. Filled with folk wisdom, this heartfelt guide – by the authors’ admission – states and restates the obvious to reinforce its lessons. You may have heard some of this advice before, but following it is what matters.

Why I read this book  

There is always an “ideal me,” and then there is a real me. My life vacillates between these two. I want to finish a novel I have been writing, I want to have a social media following, etc. I want to get away from my anger, and there is plenty of other ideal picture of me. But the gap has never been bridged, and the ideal me always evades from the “real me”. Clearly, I need help with this, and it’s good to talk to someone who has a lot of experience in this field.

So what’s this ideal me. This ideal me is a person who I aspire to become. This ideal person exactly knows precisely what’s good for me and what’s not good for me. How can I be successful, likable, respectable and most importantly how can I be happy? 

And then there is a real me, who lack the discipline and consistency to implement all the plans which will make me an ideal me. I want to lose an extra 5 kgs – that’s ideal me. But I don’t stick to the diet and exercise regime and end up not losing weight. The ideal me knows that anger is not good for anyone, but the real me gets angry often. The ideal me knows that I need to have a lot of mental fortitude to succeed in Sales. This ideal me knows precisely what exactly he should be doing in the workplace, but still, the real me succumbs. 

I know that my behavior is not per my plans and all I need is a coach who can guide me to achieve this. This book was that coach.  

Key Takeaways 

  1. Some of the reasons why people don’t change are Overconfidence, Stubbornness, Magical Thinking, Confusion, Resentment, Procrastination. There is one reason which is higher than all the other reasons – that’s called environment
  2.  Environment plays a significant behavior in triggering the desired behaviors
  3. Our environment is a non-stop triggering mechanism whose impact on our behavior is too significant to be ignored
  4. The connection between our environment and behavior can be understood as a way we give and receive feedback. It teaches us to see our environment as a triggering mechanism
  5. Encouraging triggers push us to maintain or expand what we are doing. Discouraging triggers push us to stop or reduce what we are doing. 
  6. Forecasting is what we must do after acknowledging the environment’s power over us.  It comprises of three interconnected stages: anticipation, avoidance and adjustment
  7. Good things happen when we ask ourselves what we need to create, preserve, eliminate and accept  – a test  few of us self-administer
  8. Daily questions and marking our efforts on the scale of 1-10 act as a commitment device which helps us make accountable by reflecting not just what we have achieved but also the effort we have put in.  We tend to ignore or underestimate the effort which we put to achieve our desirable behavior
  9. We don’t get better without structure. Structure means planning our day in advance and bringing in some predictability in our environment. Structure not only increases our chance of success, it makes us more efficient at it.
  10. Our environment is full of hidden triggers that share everything we say and we do. This can make creating change difficult, but by becoming aware of triggers, we can create new responses to them. Through self feedbac, active queston

Why should you read this book

If you are a kind of person who is highly motivated in everything you do, you are self-disciplined and can seamlessly implement all your plans then you should not read this book.

This book for people who have little motivation and really want to bring a meaningful behavioral change in their life. This book touches upon why we don’t become the kind of person we want to be, why we fail, what role the environment plays in triggering our behavior. And how can we change those behaviors or create a kind of environment around us to trigger the desired behavior?  By environment, the author doesn’t just mean changing external arrangements or going on a spiritual path through meditation, etc.  By environment, it merely means a certain kind of arrangement which we can create around us so that with the least possible efforts we can trigger a type of behavior we want.

This is definitely not a book which you can merely read and forget. Treat this book as a coach who will help you bring you back on the trail of the pursuit of becoming the desired person.

Closing Thoughts 

There is no formula that anyone can suggest you and of course the author is also not trying that. We definitely have to find out our own motivation our own way of doing things. There is a difference between understanding and doing. Just because people understand what to do, doesn’t ensure they actually will do it.

There is no formula that anyone can suggest you develop the desired behavior.  We know all know and very well understand what needs to be done. But there is a difference between understanding and doing. Just because people understand what to do, doesn’t ensure they will actually do it.

5 Love Languages – Part 5

Love Language # 4 - Act of Service

This love language essentially means helping or doing tasks of your spouse proactively to make his/her life easy. If you are a house wife you would expect your spouse to cook meal, help with household activities, make a tea or coffee for her sometimes. Where husband’s expectations will be like wise. 
Life gets quite boring when we do only what’s expected from us. If we are not helping each other, if we are not coming out of our comfort zone, then we will never be able to express our concern for the other. Act of service then means being considerate of what your spouse and alleviating his portion of tasks or sharing responsiblities with him/her.
 Imagine your wife has served you for 20 years. She had done everything possible for you and you have been utterly inconsiderate of all that she has done. You never helped her, you have never been appreciative of all that she has done and you have made her feel as if she was meant to do what she did and there is nothing spectacular about her work. This way you are ignoring her and treating her like a doormat. This happens when you become too self-centered and fail to understand that you wife needs help. 
There are 3 interesting observations which the author has made : 
  • What we do for each other before marriage is no indication of what we will do after marriage
  • Love is a choice and cannot be coerced
  • Criticism is an ineffective way of pleading for love
We all are touched by these 3 observations  and we truly need to consider love as an action not as a feeling. 

Learning the love language of acts of service will require some of us to re-examine our stereo types of the roles of husbands and wives. These have changed over the last several decades, but models from our past can linger, and different cultures have different expectations of the right way of things are done in marriage.

Personal Experience

Every person has different strengths and weaknesses. They choose tasks based on what they are good at first and then think of what’s required from them. The expectations of your spouse might be such that you need to work on tasks in which you are not that good first. Don’t shy away from doing the task, because your act is an expression of your concern and your love for her.
The spouse also need to understand that we all have our unique strengths and weaknesses.  Your spouse might not be good in doing what you do best. You need to lead in such situations. This is where first love language Words of affirmation also come in to play. For example if your husband is not good in cooking but out of concern he has cooked world’s worst dish, don’t make him insignificant or disparage his efforts. On the same note, the husband should understand that doing things for his wife will only make her feel good about you. Don’t shy away with your weaknesses, take feedback and improve in future. 
Your husband might not be as good as you are in household activities or vice versa but a he needs your encouragement to improve himself. You got to help him to help you. If you demean his act of service, you will discourage him and he will never think of helping. Remember you are what you are first because of your parents and then because of your spouse.
Having said that it’s very important to also understand that there should be only one leader who should lead from the front, and other should follow with full support and open mindedness. For example, I believe my wife is much better than me in handling relatives, at home and with my son, so there she is the lead and I follow and in may other cases, I lead and she follow. There shouldn’t be two leaders at the same time. This will create conflicts. 


This is 5th  in the 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.

5 Love Languages – Part 6

Love Language # 5 - Physical Touch

Physical touch is a way of communicating emotional love.  For children this is particularly relevant. It is also a powerful vehicle for communicating marital love as well.  Holding hands, kissing, embracing and sexual intercourse are all ways of communicating love. for some individuals, physical touch is their primary love language. Without it they feel unloved and with their emotional tank is filled. They feel secure in the love of their spouse. 

Almost instinctively in the time of crisis, we hug one another. Because physical touch is a powerful communicator of love. In a time of crisis more than anything, we need to feel love. We cannot always change events but we can survive if we feel loved. 

A simple hug mean more than a thousand words at the time of crisis because physical touch is a powerful communicator of love. In a time of crisis, more than anything else, we need to feel loved. We cannot change events, but we can survive if we feel love.

Personal Experience

Sometimes a simple hug speaks more than 1000 words. Just  a pat on the back is the most precious experience. This is the only language which breaks your boundary and requires the other person to be involved for its expression.
Before marriage when the infatuation is high, you tend to enjoy the sense of touch. But that gets eclipsed with you do not come to terms with your spouse because of so many reasons.  Forget about a hug, a simple handshake becomes a big thing. We unconsciously erect a wall between us due to various factors like. 

Just do one thing, the next time when you fight with your spouse, give him a hug to placate his emotions. The next time when he is gets home, welcome him with a hug. The next time when he gets a promotion, give him a sincere pat on the back.

Not that Words of affirmation are not required. Physical touch will add more value and feeling to the words you utter to your spouse

This is 6th in the 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.

5 Love Languages – The conclusion

The final part

When I finished reading this book, I was a changed husband from the inside. It’s a different thing if my wife will notice that change and will appreciate the improvement I have made.
I could easily relate all that the author has explained in this book to a hindi movie called Baghban. 

Baghban  is a story of parents whose lives revolve around their children. Like a typical middle class Indian family, they did everything possible for their children right from their education, to fulfilling their demands even when when the children started working. But when the father gets retired the children were unwilling to take care of their parents.

The plot sounds quite similar. But what really make this movie worth remembering and what really made this movie so special was the love of husband and wife. Even in the age of 60 both husband and wife were so dedicated to each other.  Both husband and wife love each other so much that even in their old age, they can’t bear the separation from each other. Their love conquered the misbehavior of their children and  because of this love, they had the courage and zeal to start their life after retirement. 


They are not worried how they will earn the money, or their children from whom they did so much, are unwilling to support them. The couple’s romance is so jubilant that it’s infectious to people of all the age around them. If you pay attention all the 5 love languages have been exhibited through their love story in the movie.

Love is not our only emotional need. Psychologists have observed that among our basic needs are the need for security, self-worth and significance. Love however interfaces with all of those.

How to discover your  love language ?

  • First observe how you most often express love to others. If you are regularly doing Acts of Service for others, this may be your love language.
  • Second, consider what you complain most often.  When you say to your wife, “I don’t think you’d ever touch me if I didn’t initiate it”, you are revealing physical touch is your primary love language.  
  • Think of the requests you make your wife most often. If you are saying “Do you think we could get a weekend away this month ?” you are requesting for quality time.

The Final words

I have found this book as a way to express my thoughts and reflect on the 9 years of  my marriage. No one can remain alone. You need someone to share your joy, to share your grieves, your success, failures and many other things, in short you share your life.
Your parents give birth to you, they do everything for your upbringing and make you capable to earn your living. They are the happiest ones when you get married. They think this as their last responsibility for you. They know that they will not be with your forever.  The reason they are happy for your marriage is because they know you have got someone in your life who will be with you longer than they will be around, who will love you as much as they do, they know you are with someone who will care for you just the way they have done for their entire life. 
I have discussed this book with few of my friends. They say, it’s not one person’s job to embark on this journey of transformation alone. My suggestion to all is just this, if you focus on what you can do, and be consistent on it without being deterred by what your spouse is doing, a day will certainly come when you both will start walking through this journey. So don’t wait for your spouse to start with you. Just start your journey and one day you will definitely see your life is changing, your marital bond is becoming strong and you are experiencing the love again. 

So in my first post, I started with the question “What happens to love after marriage ? ” My answer is it turns out to be what you yourself want it to become. If you want your love to become ecstatic and blossom your life with joy, it will become that. If you want it to become hell, it will become that. Either ways you are responsible for it and it’s always your making.

This is last  in the 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.

5 Love Languages – Part 2

First Language : Words of Affirmation

Words have the power to make or break relationships. The choice of your words and the way you express yourself have a huge impact on your marriage. This has been emphasized many times in my life and I am still learning about my choice of words and how I express myself. Solomon, author of ancient Hebrew wisdom literature has rightly said: “The tongue has the power of life and death.”  I have seen this happening many times with many people.

Gary Chapman lists out these 4 dialects which make a lot of difference in the way we communicate with our spouse.

  •  Compliments: Verbal compliments or words of appreciation are powerful communicators of love. Just a simple “ You are looking smart today”, Oh you cook so well “. Thank you for waiting for me. I want you to know I don’t take it for granted, conveys a lot and shows you care.
  • Encouraging words: The word encourage means to inspire courage. All of us have areas in which we feel insecure.  Your words can instill confidence in your spouse. When he loses many battles in the outside world, he relies on you to reinvigorates his self-worth, self-esteem, and self-confidence.  

Encouragement requires empathy and seeing the world from your spouse’s perspectives. We must first learn what’s important for our spouse and then give encouragement. 
  • Kind words: This is more about the way we speak. The same words can convey different meanings and create different responses depending on how we have spoken them. 

“ Love doesn’t keep a score of wrongs. Love doesn’t bring up past failures. None of us is perfect. In marriage, we do not always do the best or right thing. We have sometimes done and said hurtful things to our spouses. We cannon erase the past, we can always create a pleasant future” 

The best thing we can do with failures of the past is to let them be history. Yes it happened, whatever we had spoken to each other may have given us painful wounds but let’s not make them scars. For wounds heal but scars leave marks behind. We can choose to live today free from the failures of yesterday. Forgiveness is not a feeling, it’s a commitment, a choice to be merciful and expression of love.  

  • Humble words: Love make requests, not demands. When I demand things from the spouse I become a parent and she the child.  She is mature and grown up to be commanded. And it’s insulting for her. If you insult somebody, you can’t expect pleasantness in return.

We are grown up and we have become a partner. We all have our individual desires. If we express those desires as demands, then we will be hurting our spouse. If however, that demand comes in the form of requests, then  we are giving guidance, not ultimatums.“When you make a request of your spouse, you are affirming his or her worth and abilities. You are in essence indicating that she has something or can do something that is meaningful and worthwhile to you.  However, when you make demands, you become tyrant but not a lover. “ 

We cannot get emotional love by way of demand. My spouse may, in fact, comply with my demands, but it’s not an expression of love. It is an act of fear, guilt or some other emotion but not love.  

We lack courage and that lack of courage often hinders us from accomplishing the positive things that we would like to do. The latent potential within your spouse in his or her areas of insecurity may await your encouraging words.

Personal Experience

Being cognizant of the words and the way we speak makes a lot of difference in all the relationships. We human beings are very sensitive to what we hear but not very sensitive to what we speak. It happens most of the times because of how we handle our thoughts, emotions and the way we conduct ourselves.  

I have always been critical and at times rude to my wife. Initially, I thought my anger is being triggered by her actions, but after reading the book I realized that it’s actually my inability to conduct myself well, that I react rather than taking the responsibility of what I am saying. I believe a lot can be simplified only if we take the responsibility and understand if there is one person who should happen 100% the way we want is “we ourselves”.  These days I practice listening. I am not blessed like her with a lot of patience, but I understand that my words mean a lot to her and impact our relationship.  

I have been fortunate here that my wife understands this very well. Irrespective of the situation, she manages to still be soft-spoken and not hurt others by her words.  What she wants to convey may have some really strong words but she effortlessly manages to speak them in a quiet, composed and in a peaceful manner.

This is  2nd in the 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.

5 Love Languages – Part 3

Second Language : Quality Time

Time has literally become the most scarce resource for human beings. People have everything for each other but time. In this situation, the expectations from spouses are bound to be high. We know that friends and relatives don’t have time and there is no one to whom we can talk wholeheartedly. Getting somebody’s attention has become a big deal.

Giving someone time means giving them our undivided attention. If you are sitting in front of the TV watching some movie on Netflix then that movie has our attention, not our partner.  We all have 100s of things going on in our life. And they all need our attention. We all have multiple demands on our time, yet each of us has the exact same hours in a day.  We can make most of those hours by committing some of them to our spouse. 

Here are the aspects of quality time which the author highlights in detail : 

Emotions themselves are neither good nor bad. They are simply psychological responses to the events of our life. Based on our thoguhts and emotions we eventually make decisions.

  1. Focused Attention When we do something together keeping our differences or arguments aside and try to have a pleasant time together. In this era of many distractions giving somebody, our undivided attention is the toughest ask.
  2.  Quality conversation: It means sympathetic dialogue when two individuals are sharing their experiences, thoughts, feelings, and desires in a friendly uninterrupted context 
  3.  Self-Revelation: It means opening up yourself to your spouse so that your spouse know who you are as a person. It’s only when you know how you think, what you feel about the various events, what is the process of your decision making, and how do you form impressions and interpretations of various situations in life, you get to know who you are as a person.  For self-revelation communication between the two persons are absolutely critical. 
  4.  Complimentary personalities: There are basically two kinds of personalities: one who talks a lot about themselves effortlessly and the others who have a hard time explaining their feelings. Remember it’s a different thing to voice our thoughts but explaining how we feel is difficult for many people which depend on their upbringing and conditioning from early  childhood. 
  5. Quality Activities: Spending some time for your daily routine and doing what your partner likes. Keeping all the worries, thoughts and distractions aside for some time and indulging into the activities which you both enjoy or at least one of you enjoy. It could be a simple walk in the near by park.

Personal Experience

When it comes to time, I feel I am a very stingy and vigilant person. I believe there are two aspects of time.

  • How much time do we actually have? 
  • What are we doing with the time we have in hand?

It requires a lot of consciousness, discipline, and honesty when it comes to taking time out for someone or for yourself. Most of the people of my generation think they are doing some great stuff and they are facing this time crunch because of responsibilities, their job, their lifestyle, and many other nonsense reasons. The fact of the matter is just this, they are not disciplined when it comes to time. Somewhere they are putting their indiscipline and laziness under a fancy carpet called time.  

The other aspect of what we are doing with time depends on how valuable time is and you want to make.  For some weekends may mean just sitting in front of the TV, having 10 hours of sleep. For some weekends means meeting relatives, learning new things, doing shopping with your spouse, playing in a park with your children etc. In short, it means more life.  Time is never the problem, the problem is willingness.  Are we willing to make life a lazy business or joyful experience? The choice is completely ours.   

This is 3rd  in the 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.

5 Love Languages – Part 1

5 Love Languages - The Beginning

 What happens to love after marriage ? Whether it is a love or an arrange marriage, or even if you are unmarried, I am sure you would have this question at least once in your life. And every time you would have asked this question to yourself or to anybody else you either wouldn’t have got an answer or you would have got enough reasons to think quizzically, ironically or regrettably what happens to love after marriage.  The fact is whether you are happily married or unhappily married, you would have certain expectations from your spouse and longing for the love at any age. The form of expression and acceptance of love changes with age and it was this observation which prompted me to explore more about these dimensions of life called love and marriage. That’s the reason I chose to read this book and share my thoughts in the next 7 posts.

About the author

Dr. Gary Chapman is  philosophist, counselor and an author or 5 Language series. He is perhaps best known for his concept of “Five Love Languages”, helping people express and receive love as expressed through one of five languages: words of affirmation, quality time, receiving gifts, acts of service, or physical touch.
Chapman argues that while each of these languages is enjoyed to some degree by all people, a person will usually speak one primary language.

He has also authored the Five Love Language concept books for parents of children and teenagers, single adults, and a special version for men.

Our most basic emotional need is not to fall in love but to be genuinely loved by another person, to know a love that grows out of reason and choice, not instinct. We need to be loved by someone who choose to love us, who see something worth living in us.

Key Take Aways

  • There is no dearth of couple who feel love in marriage doesn't exist. This happens because husband and wife both have different love languages which seldom are same. They just fail to understand each other's love language
  • Most of us enter marriage by the way of "in-love" experience where everything is ideal, our infatuation is at its peak and it's euphoric. The "fall in love" experience requires discipline and efforts. It's a choice to expend energy in to another person through which you also feel special when he feels special
  • The 5  Love Languages are  Words of affection,  Quality Time, Receiving gifts, Act of service and  Physical Touch
  • Discovering the primary love language of your spouse is essential if you have to keep his/her emotional tank full.  But before that ensure you know your own love language first
  • Love is a choice - when your action doesn't come naturally to you. It's a greater expression of love. The key is to speak our spouse's primary love language whether or not it comes naturally to us
  • Our basic needs are the need for security, self-worth and significance. Love forms the basis for all of the three
  • Learn to express love as an action rather than a feeling. You cannot fake your feelings but you can always choose your actions consciously
  • We come to marriage with a different personality and history. We all have differences in many aspects of life, but we need to learn how to handle those differences

What made me read this book

I had some questions which kept on coming to my mind and I was seeking their answers :

  • Why love lose it’s depth, shine and intensity after marriage ? (well …in many cases)
  • Why  is it becoming increasingly difficult for people to stay together ? 
  • The rate of success of marriage was quite high during my parent’s time, however in my generation it’s becoming increasingly impossible for the people to keep the love alive
  •  Lastly, I was very much curious to explore the various dimensions which will help me to handle differences with my wife, keep the romance on and always remain lovable for my wife.
Clearly these questions are difficult and not one person can answer them in an absolute way. I found this book to be something which opened various simple yet overlooked dimensions of marital relationship. And the author has done a very good job in eloquently explaining them with situations that everyone can relate to. 

Why should you read this book

I strongly recommend you to read this book because it will help you to understand your spouse in a way you had never tried consciously. It will also help you to unfold the ways love can be rejuvenated, experienced and expressed to make the marital bond stronger. You might know about the likes and dislikes of your spouse, but what is it that really make his emotional love tank full ? How can we make love stronger and deeper as we grow old ?

We belong to different families and even if the couples know each other for years, still there comes a time when we face challenges in marriage. There are issues like, unfulfilled expectations, loneliness, the feeling of insecurity and insignificance which many couples struggle to deal with and end up finding their life in misery.

Once you identify and learn to speak your spouse’s primary love language, I believe that you will discover the key to a long lasting marriage full of love. Love need not evaporate after the wedding, but in order to keep it alive, most of us will have to put forth the effort to learn a secondary love language. We cannot rely on our native tongue if your spouse does not understand it. If we want them to feel the love we are trying to communicate, we must express it in their primary love language. 

This is 1st of 7 part series of 5 Love Languages book summary.